More teens than ever are overdosing Psychologists are leading new approaches to combat youth substance misuse

In the following sections, contemporary evidence-based approaches to drug abuse prevention for children and adolescents at the school, family, and community levels are described. Several model preventive intervention programs are reviewed, including universal, selected, and indicated programs for schools and families, along with a comprehensive community-based prevention programs. Our review of the effectiveness of these model teen drug abuse programs is focused on intervention effects on substance use behaviors as described on the NREPP web site. The NREPP web site rates each intervention on its’ readiness for dissemination based on the availability of implementation materials, training and support resources, and quality assurance procedures. Scores range from 0 to 4, where 4 is the highest rating given, representing highest readiness for dissemination.

solutions to teen drug abuse

Parents and Families

  • In recent years, prescription drug abuse has become an escalating problem, most commonly involving opioid painkillers, anti-anxiety medications, sedatives, and stimulants.
  • In fact, next to marijuana, prescription painkillers are the most abused drugs in the U.S. and more people die from overdosing powerful opioid painkillers each day than from traffic accidents and gun deaths combined.
  • The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has identified 16 key principles for prevention programs based on risk and protective factors, the type of program, and the delivery of the program.
  • As drug abuse takes hold, you may miss or frequently be late for work or school, your job performance may progressively deteriorate, and you may start to neglect social or family responsibilities.

Some teenagers are more at risk of developing an alcohol or drug problem than others. Supporting a loved one through a struggle with substance use can be difficult for adults and teens alike. This process can be especially complicated when someone is resistant to getting help. While you may not have control over someone else’s substance use, support is available to cope with how that substance use may affect you. Schools, parents, and families can help prevent high-risk drug use, both individually and by working together. Youth who receive special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) and especially young adults of transition age, should be involved in planning for life after high school as early as possible and no later than age 16.

Taking a Community-Based Approach to Youth Substance Abuse Prevention

Data collection for the current study took place during the event and was approved by the University of Cincinnati Institutional Review Board. This study emphasizes the feasibility of engaging adolescents in the development of contextually-relevant addiction education, prevention, and treatment interventions in underserved communities. As noted previously, early use of drugs increases a person’s chances of becoming addicted. Remember, drugs change the brain—and this can lead to addiction and other serious problems.

  • Opara’s first aim is to look at neighborhoods across the city of Paterson and their relationship to substance abuse and mental health symptoms, including anxiety and depression among its youth.
  • Experiencing legal trouble, such as arrests for disorderly conduct, driving under the influence, or stealing to support a drug habit.
  • The teenage brain is vulnerable to the harmful effects of nicotine, including anxiety and addiction.

Other Youth Topics

solutions to teen drug abuse

The goal of BASICS is to motivate students to reduce their alcohol use in order to decrease the negative consequences of drinking. Students complete a brief online assessment survey between the first session and second session. BASICS received a score of 3.9 (out of 4.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. In support of the quality of research on Project TND, the NREPP web site lists five peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of primarily Hispanic/Latino and White youth, along with four replication studies.

Young Brains Under Study

Preliminary findings from the program showed that 523 individuals walked into the police department 818 times asking for help during the first 24 months of operation. Individuals reported high levels of satisfaction with the program, as those seeking help were able to receive a placement bed within an average of 90 min of making contact with TCP staff. For a teenager, risky times include moving, family divorce, or changing schools.35 When children advance from elementary through middle school, they face new and challenging social, family, and academic situations. Often during this period, children are exposed to substances such as cigarettes and alcohol for the first time.

NIH on Social Media

I am purposely raising my kids to know that it’s not the substance (alcohol or drugs) that is the problem, but that other factors make some people more vulnerable to substance use becoming dysfunctional. My kids will all know at a young age that since genetic predisposition accounts for 50 percent of the chance of developing addiction, they are 10 times more likely to develop addiction than their friends without a family history of addiction. The hope for these emerging therapeutic approaches is that we can tailor current anxiety treatments for young people by targeting the developing brain.

  • Program materials consist of a Teacher’s Manual, Student Guide, and relaxation audiotape or CD.
  • They may also have access to family member’s prescriptions for drugs like opiate painkillers and stimulants or get them from friends who do.
  • Project TND was developed to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior high school youth.
  • Some individuals become regular users and/or progress to marijuana, hallucinogens, and other illicit drugs in a fairly predictable pattern (5).

At the beginning of each year, students and teachers will be required to attend a day-long research kick-off event at a local university with research staff. For the purposes of the current study, data were used from the cohort of students who attended the first annual Research Kick-Off event of the program. During the Research Kick-Off event, students were introduced to community-based participatory research by setting the stage for students as co-researchers in the investigation into drug abuse and addiction in their own communities via CM. The first is reducing alcohol access, which is accomplished by helping communities use zoning and municipal regulations to control the density of bars, liquor stores, etc. The second component is responsible beverage service, which involves training alcohol beverage servers and assisting retailers develop policies and procedures to reduce drunkenness and driving after drinking.

Reported drug use among adolescents continued to hold below pre-pandemic levels in 2023 National Institute on … – National Institute on Drug Abuse

Reported drug use among adolescents continued to hold below pre-pandemic levels in 2023 National Institute on ….

Posted: Wed, 13 Dec 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

Protect Teens From Prescription Medications

solutions to teen drug abuse

Results from the sorting task were then transferred to open-source software in R (McLinden, 2018). The CM process was conducted as part of a larger 1-day event, thereby limiting the ability of adolescents to rate the importance of the statements. This extra step was removed from the methodological process in this study due to the need to provide real-time feedback on the day of the event.

  • Some teenagers are more at risk of developing an alcohol or drug problem than others.
  • After the task was completed, the research team reviewed the sorting data to ensure that instructions were followed.
  • A lower ability to initiate fear-­extinction learning is thought to confer a risk for anxiety.
  • Each year, approximately four teachers and 50 students will be recruited from one urban school and one rural school in the Midwest.
  • Examples of prescription drugs teens may misuse include stimulants like Adderall and benzodiazepines like Xanax.
  • Desensitization with exposure therapy could then begin during the time in which the updating process takes place.

Teen Prescription Drug Abuse